What kind of storms cause roof damage?

hail coming down on a roof

Dealing With Storm Damage

Homes in Georgia are no stranger to storm damage roof repairs. The state may not be in the infamous “Tornado Alley”, but it gets its share of hard rains, high winds, and tornados. If you’re new to the area, you may be wondering, “How do I know if my roof has storm damage?”.  

Storm damage roof repairs being needed aren’t always visible inside your home. And while you may think you’re okay climbing up on the roof to check, professional roofers recommend calling a contractor that offers free inspections and quotes. Or, with a pair of binoculars, assess possible storm damage roof repairs needed from the ground.  

Typically, rain is not enough to cause the need for storm damage roof repairs by itself. However, if you roof had any vulnerable areas you weren’t aware of, it is possible for a hard rain to make its way to under the shingles. 

Additionally keep in mind that storm damage roof repairs aren’t always visible to the untrained eye. So, after you have completed your visual roof inspection, having a professional roofing contractor perform an inspection would be recommended. 

What kind of damage can a storm cause to a roof?

The following will tell you how to inspect a roof for storm damage and what is an indication that you need windstorm damage roof repairs. 

You may need roof repair for wind damage if the winds reached 50 miles per hour or higher, even in short gusts. Winds at this speed are straight winds and are associated with hurricanes and severe thunderstorms. These can leave behind the need for storm damage roof repairs but aren’t the same type of wind damage caused by tornadoes. Wind damage is indicated by the following: 

  • Missing Shingles
  • Visible Granule Loss
  • Visible Water Infiltration
  • Loose Debris

Getting storm damage roof repairs done for wind damage as soon as possible is just as important as getting. With any of the things listed above, the entire roof could be vulnerable to roof leaks. 

How do you know if hail damaged your roof?

The funny-but-not-funny thing about hailstorm damage, it’s not always visible. So, when does a hailstorm damage a roof?  If the hailstones are reported or found to be 1 inch in diameter, or larger, there is a good chance your home needs storm damage roof repairs. Some indications of hailstone damage would be any of these: 

  • Hail-Damaged Shingles
  • Missing Shingles
  • Broken, Clogged, Dented Gutters and Downspouts

You need to check for possible roof damage after a winter storm of ice and snow, typically, signified by ice dams. This is common on asphalt shingle roofing that hasn’t been correctly maintained. 

An ice dam forms when the melted snow refreezes on the roof eaves, creating a ridge of ice. This keeps water from the other melting snow from running off the roof, and the water backs up under the shingles, causing storm damage roof repairs for leaks. Ice dams are usually easy to see by walking around your home, looking at the roof edge.

Other storm damage roof repairs may be needed by high wind driving rain up under the roof. One loose shingle is all it takes, and that water will seep under other singles, onto the decking, and storm damage roof repairs are needed. 

Even the smallest amount of moisture can leave behind water damage that will only get worse with mildew and mold. Things to look for that may indicate water damage are: 

  • Damaged Wood to Roof Joints and Supports 
  • Bent or missing flashing around the chimney, vent pipes, and other elements.
  • Visible Moisture in the Attic on the Insulation, Roof Decking

As a homeowner, you should plan now, ahead of time on how to get emergency roof repair after storm damage so that you aren’t in a panic if and when the time comes. Have the following materials on hand: 

  • Plastic tarp
  • Spare shingles
  • 2×4 boards
  • Sheets of plywood
  • Galvanized nails
  • Screws

From the rooftop, stretch a plastic tarp over the damage and hold it in place with the 2×4 boards and galvanized nails. From the attic side, place plywood the size of the damage and secure with screws.  This will give you temporary protection until you have professional storm damage roof repairs done by a professional roofing contractor. 

roof being struck by lightning

Filing Your Homeowners Insurance Claim

Discuss with your insurance agent the best way and how to claim storm damage to a roof. Experts recommend taking pictures and documenting everything you find that appears to need storm damage roof repairs. The documentation and pictures will be helpful in filing your claim. Have the roofing contractor that inspects your roof give you a copy as well as one for your insurance claim.